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The Iranian-Islamic traditional medicine emphatically gives prominence to each individual’s temperament – or to use the Persian equivalent ‘Mizaj’- as a determining and key factor in deciding one’s lifestyle.
In the Iranian-Islamic traditional medicine the excess or less of warmness and humidity define four essential temperaments of “Warm and Wet (sanguine or Damawiy)”, “Warm and Dry (choleric or Safrawiy)”, “Cold and Dry (melancholic or Saudawiy)” and “Cold and Wet (phlegmatic or Balghamiy)” respectively. The terms in the parentheses refer to four groups of material in the body (called “humors” or ‘Akhlat’) including blood, yellow bile, black bile, and phlegm respectively. Words written in italic show original Persian terms in the ancient literature.
As each person’s temperament is distinctive- defining their distinguishing physical and behavioral characteristics- their lifestyle might vary from one another accordingly.
Not everyone can eat the same food or drinks since they have different temperaments which allow them to consume or advise them to cut down on some food items therefore there is no single prescription for everyone in the Iranian-Islamic traditional medicine.
Not everyone can consume the same amount of water, tea, or dairy products as others consume. Each individual should correspond to their temperaments to stay healthy and that’s where the Iranian-Islamic traditional medicine strength lies.
The Iranian-Islamic traditional medicine is an ancient paradigm for personalized medicine and prescription which individualizes healthcare for each person and in order to maintain one’s health all preventive, diagnostic and therapeutic interventions must be individualized as well.
Food stuff with warm Mizaj or warming characteristics (either in nature such as spices or after being heated like hot tea or hot water) can be harmful to people with warm Mizaj and relatively speaking they are more sensitive to them. Consequently such people are better not to eat up large quantities of food items with warm Mizaj and try to balance their diet by consuming food with cold Mizaj or cooling characteristics in order to add cooling effects to their bodies to balance it.
Same goes for the people with cold Mizaj who are better avoid consuming high amounts of food items with cooling characteristics (either in nature or after being cooled such as ice water). People with cold Mizaj should not drink much water in general particularly during cold seasons and once they get thirsty they are better not to drink ice water.
People with warm Mizaj have stronger digestive system and can properly digest heavy meals, however people with cold Mizaj, especially when their stomach is cold as well, display poor digestion symptoms and as a result they ought to consume limited amounts of food in accordance with their temperaments and avoid eating too much.
In some cases a person with a warm Mizaj might develop a cold and wet stomach so they have to reduce cold Mizaj food intake as well.
In general those with wet and cold or wet and warm temperaments are more likely to gain weight, so eating too much is harmful to their health. Nonetheless over-eating is not recommended to anyone.
Originally published on www.tehrantimes.com
The first major step to implement much-needed reforms in the Iranian banking sector is to be taken by the government in summer when it submits the Banking Reform Bill to the Parliament, the governor of the Central Bank of Iran said.
“It is predicted that the Banking Reform Bill will be sent to Majlis by the end of the [third Iranian month of] Khordad [June 21],” Valiollah Seif was also quoted as saying by IBENA.
According to the official, the bill is currently undergoing verifications by President Hassan Rouhani’s Cabinet.
The Banking Reform Bill is the new moniker given to regulations that are to replace the current Usury-Free Banking Law. The last amendments to the Usury-Free Banking Law were made in 1983 while the law itself specifies that reviews are needed every five years.
Many problems of the beleaguered banking system and calls for improving the efficiency of lenders prompted the government to prepare its own Banking Reform Bill after the previous parliament failed to pass a controversial bill criticized by the government and banks.
As outlined by Seif, the Cabinet has decided to send the Banking Reform Bill in fits and starts, and the first part to be sent is a section concerning CBI supervision over the banking system.
The Banking Reform Bill outlines the duties of banks and non-bank credit institutions in obtaining a working license from CBI. It explains all banking operations and services, sets regulations for the establishment of branches pertaining to foreign banks and sets limits to their investments.
It also obliges credit institutions to provide viable information, puts in place a professional set of criteria for choosing new top executives and board members and makes provision for setting up internal risk and auditing committees.
Defining banking contracts and the legal status of the newly-formed Association of Banks, launching credit rating institutions and detailing lending and capital adequacy rules are among other articles of the bill.
The head of Majlis Economic Commission also announced that the parliament is working on its own version of the bill, saying the updated version of the Usury-Free Banking Law will be ready for review in an open parliamentary session “by the end of the first half of summer”.
According to Mohammad Reza Pour-Ebrahimi, 20 expert meetings have so far taken place to analyze the bill and 40% of it have been reviewed. These reviews will reportedly be finalized “within two months” in the commission.
As the official had previously announced, parts of the bill are concerned with Islamic finance and Sharia compliance, which have been devised to “Islamicize banking affairs and make them conform to Islamic principles”.
Noting that the way banks absorb resources would undergo changes, the lawmaker said “major changes” are in store for a variety of deposits, loans and loan allocation.
According to Pour-Ebrahimi, the bill also includes the formational of a jurisprudential council that will supervise the performance of banks. It was previously announced that the body would comprise the governor of Central Bank of Iran, his deputy for supervisory affairs, five Muslim theologians with expertise in banking and monetary issues and one legal expert.
Originally published on www.financialtribune.com
TEHRAN – The 11th national exhibition on hijab and dignity is being held at Tehran’s Shahr-e Aftab Fairground.
The government has instructed five ministries and Iran’s Cultural Heritage, Handicrafts and Tourism Organization to form a taskforce whose sole responsibility is to ensure Tabriz’s hospitality will live up to its status in 2018.
In December 2015, tourism ministers of the Organization of Islamic Cooperation member states selected Tabriz as the capital of Islamic tourism in 2018 and Iranian officials want to use the opportunity to promote not only Tabriz but also Iran in general.
“The government approved the formation of the taskforce in March and the ministries have been informed,” Seyyed Hadi Roumiani, the deputy for legal and parliamentary affairs at ICHHTO, was quoted as saying by Borna News.
The taskforce will be headed by ICHHTO and comprise representatives of the ministries of culture, intelligence, foreign affairs, roads and economy.
The capital of the northwestern province of East Azarbaijan, Tabriz predates the Islamic conquest of Persia. It served as the capital city of a number of dynasties following the conquest.
During its long history, the city was ransacked by Mongolian raiders and Ottoman invaders and razed by devastating earthquakes, but was rebuilt every time.
The city hosts famed religious sites, including Jame’ Mosque of Tabriz and Arg of Tabriz, and Bazaar of Tabriz has been designated the UNESCO World Heritage Site.
In September, Tabriz was declared a World Craft City by the World Craft Council.
Originally published on www.financialtribune.com
TEHRAN – The deputy culture and tourism minister of the Republic of Azerbaijan has held talks with provincial authorities of East Azarbaijan in northwest Iran, laying out a roadmap for widening cooperation thanks to countless mutual commonalities, CHTN reported on Saturday.
During his April 26-27 visit to Tabriz, the capital city of East Azarbaijan, Adalat Veliyev met with Governor General Esmaeil Jabbarzadeh, Tabriz Mayor Sadeq Najafi, and Cultural Heritage, Tourism, and Handicrafts Department Director Morteza Abdar.
“In the wake of countless cultural, lingual and religious commonalities that link the Republic of Azerbaijan to Tabriz, the way is paved for planning and implementing cultural events with assistance of the two regions’ peoples,” CHTN quoted Veliyev as saying.
He said some 46,000 Iranian holidaymakers visited Azerbaijan during Noruz, the Iranian New Year celebrations, Trend reported on Wednesday.
In December 2015, tourism ministers of the Organization of Islamic Cooperation member states selected Tabriz as the capital of Islamic tourism for 2018. The historical city was also named a World Craft City by World Crafts Council – Asia Pacific Region (WCC-APR) in 2015.
Originally published on www.tehrantimes.com